Ayurveda offers special treatment modalities for post natal care of the mother. Paediatrics deals with care of the new born as well as diseases affecting children. Traditions of Ayurvedic paediatrics are still alive in India. In ancient times, Ayurvedic paediatrics was a separate school of medicine, although it was not as prominent as the schools of medicine and surgery. The Kashyapa Samhita is a classical text on Paediatrics which has been preserved in a mutilated form and is more than 2000 years old.